On March 15, 1998, 14 NGO’s from Europe, Africa and Latin America met in Vienna, Austria, to prepare a common opinion towards the United Nations General Assembly’s Special Session on Drugs, that would take place 3 months later in New York. After many hours of debate, the result was the adoption of a Manifesto for Just and Effective Drug Policies. This Manifesto has since been signed by hundreds of organisations worldwide, and represents the vision of the International Coalition of NGOs for Just and Effective Drug Policies (ICN). In 2004, on the General Assembly of ENCOD in Copenhagen, it was decided to adopt the title of the Manifesto in ENCODs name: European Coalition for Just and Effective Drug Policies.
Version in Slovenian